June 13, 2016 Update:
SAT published new rules on Authorized Destruction (Scrapping) of Temporarily Imported (TIP) Vehicles this February. There are now official SAT authorized sites for disposing of unwanted TIP autos, as listed below. Unfortunately, there are none in the Yucatan, but the State of Mexico is well supplied.
After we have scrapped a TIP car (at our $$ cost ) then we deliver proof to SAT of the vehicle’s authorized destruction … per page 56, anexo 5 :
After completing these steps, we can bring in another TIP vehicle … and if all is done properly, we potentially protect our previous TIP deposit. Note that people who have tried to use these official rules, have found that SAT does not necesssarily follow their own rules, so be sure to talk with SAT before trying it.
May 2, 2013 Update
There have been reports from around the internet of various customs brokers and other “Agents” who are offering paper-only permanent imports of foreign-plated TIP cars, where the expat sends cash and their car’s papers to the “broker” and they get Mexican license plates in return. Note that some brokers are providing falsely obtained state plates, with no valid Aduana pedimento for the importation. Also note that if the broker does this for you, you should get your TIP cancelled too. Finally, there really MUST be a pedimento listed in Aduana’s national database for your VIN at the end of the process. Alternately, if want to buy a permanently imported car, or you have permanently imported your foreign-plated car, and you want to check if Aduana has officially logged your VIN & pedimento into their database, then:
Check this Aduana VIN& Pedimento Checker website: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/soianet/oia_consultarap_cep.aspx CONSULTA RÁPIDA DE PEDIMENTO ESPECÍFICO
March 26, 2013 Updated Version
As we speak, Aduana DF is taking actions to get the last few errant local Aduana offices to change their policies and issue extensions for non-working Temporary Resident gringo’s TIP cars (Permiso de Importación Temporal de vehiculo => Temporary Import Permit – a.k.a TIP ). Kudos to all the Yucalandia readers and others who called Aduana DF and their Consuls and Ambassadors to get local Aduana offices to follow a single rational policy. Our efforts worked! Lic. Karen Villaseñor of Aduana de DF has been ordering errant local Aduana official to change their past mistaken policies and allow non-working Residente Temporal card holders to renew their TIPs.
Lic. Villaseñor has gotten the Aduana central Hotline phone agents to now all give the correct answers: Yes, if you had an FM2 or FM3, and now have a Residente Temporal card, without the lucrativa permission, then you can apply to Aduana to extend your Aduana TIP on your foreign plated car to match the expiration date on your fresh shiny INM card. Ms. Villaseñor speaks only Spanish, but she offers her number for you to call with TIP problems. She says that we should give her number to any Aduana clerks who are not following the current national policy, and she “will straighten them out.”:
Lic. Karen Villaseñor 01-55-5802-0000 x46889
Administracion Central — 01-55-5802-2069 ciitev_AduanaMexico@sat.gob.mx
While helpful for Residente Temporal gringos, the current official Aduana policy still leaves Residente Permanente and working Residente Temporal card holders ~ on the hook ~ making their TIPs invalid, and making the TIP cars illegal to drive in Mexico, unless you get a Safe Returns permit or permanently import the car. If you have the new Residente Permanente or working Residente Temporal card and a TIP car, then you do have options.
Please click on the following Section Header Titles to jump down to that Section:
Option 1: Take the vehicle out of Mexico, permanently
If you do choose to (illegally) drive a TIP car when you have a Residente Permanente or working Residente Temporal card, you run a small risk of the police confiscating your car, particularly if you are involved in an accident. We strongly recommend that you carry a Spanish language version of the part of the Ley Aduanera (Customs Law – for the police to read) that describes your right to drive a TIP car as long as you have a valid INM permit. Most police have no formal training on the Customs Law, so they generally scold the driver one last time and allow them to go after reading this: Important Rules for Operating Foreign Plated Cars in Mexico: “Article 106, Fracc IV” to Keep in Your Car
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Option 1: Take the vehicle out of Mexico, permanently.
Officially, because the Ley Aduanera does not use INM’s new resident terminology, there are no published rules that govern Residente Permanente card-holders who have TIP vehicles. According to the Aduana Law, the cars are officially in limbo until the lower house of the Mexican Legislature (Camara de Diputados**) publishes a new law or publishes amendments, to fix the problem. In the meantime, Aduana DF personnel have decided that since the old law only allows “temporary” residents (FM2-Inmigrante Rentista and FM3 No Inmigrante permit holders) to have a TIP car, then Permanent Residents (the new Residente Permanente) are not currently identified as having written permission to have TIPs.
If you choose to take the car out of Mexico, the safest legal route is to get a Safe Returns permit (Permiso Retorno Seguro). These permits are good for only 3-5 days. The local Aduana offices do not issue them, and even the local Hacienda/SAT office in Merida does NOT issue them. Contact Aduana DF for a permit.
If you must drive in the meantime, be sure to carry Spanish language copies of Articulo 106, Fracc. IV of the Ley Aduanera to show to police if you get stopped. Some Mexican lawyers explain that one fundamental principle of Mexican law is that the Gob. de Mexico cannot take-away a right that has previously been granted: This means that if you had a legally imported foreign-plated car, ~ and if you kept your INM permit valid continuously (no breaks/expirations, no fines, no penalties), ~ and if you kept you Aduana TIP permit current – especially by notifying Aduana of every INM permit update after June 10, 2010, ~ and you have a current valid INM permit (even Residente Permanente) … ~ then they say you have the right to keep your TIP car under a valid Aduana permit and the Gob. de Mexico should not be allowed to confiscate your car based solely on a supposed TIP violation. ~ ~ Does anyone want to be the guinea pig test case??? ~ ~
Note: Check with your insurance company to be sure that your TIP vehicle is fully covered for any accidents if the TIP is expired or invalid.
Many insurance companies deny claims if they find out that the vehicle is not fully legal to drive. i.e. Many insurance companies refuse to pay accident claims if the foreign-plated TIP car is not currently registered back in their home state/province in the USA or Canada. There are current first-person reports that their insurance company confirms that if your TIP is expired, or that if you have a Residente Permanente or working Residente Temporal INM card, then you have NO VALID INSURANCE COVERAGE from that company.
*** The most current report on Insurance Companies cancelling coverage: “The insurer (who cancels coverage) is Qualitas Compania de Seguros, S.A.B. de C.V. My broker said that as soon as my current Residente Temporal expires my car is no longer covered.” as of March 24, 2010. ***
We will update this information on specific insurer’s policies if people write in with first-person comments….
Note: Since the Feb. 4, 2013 changes in accidental death liability damages (raising the $$ per death to over $300,000 USD per person), an accident hitting a poor family on their big industrial tricycles, riding on the shoulder in the dark, would financially wipe out most of us – unless you have valid insurance coverage. See: Updated Insurance Auto Coverage Limits for Mexico
Option 3: Import Your TIP Vehicle at Aduana de Progreso or at Guadalajara Airport.
Note: Hiram Cervera has reviewed this information and we are updating it to fit the Aduana Progreso requirements.
1. You must have a valid TIP to permanently import the vehicle at the Progreso Aduana office. This means that you had NO breaks, no fines, no penalties in you previous INM permits, and that you registered your new INM permit expiration dates every year with Aduana, especially since June 10, 2010.
2. You must be the owner, with a valid clear title, with no liens nor encumbrances.
3. You must not allow the TIP to expire to import it in Progreso (expired TIP cars are imported only by customs agents at a border).
4. Residente Temporal and Residente Permanente TIP car owners can import their cars. Note: Residente Permanente and Residente Temporal can take 5 – 9 weeks to process – during which the TIP expires. OTHER Aduana offices accept a copy of the INM document / page that INM gives you confirming you have formally applied with INM for a Residente Permanente, to allow you to start the Aduana process while INM is processing your Residency application. So, you make your permanent importation application (using the INM page confirming your INM applicattion), before your TIP expires, and before you receive your Residente Permanente or Temporal card.
5. 8 and 9 year old NAFTA vehicles qualify for permanent importation at Progreso Aduana. Aduana defines start of the model year as November 1 of the previous year. This means that currently to 2004 & 2005 model years are acceptable until Oct 31, 2013. As of November 1, 2013 until Oct 31, 2014: 2005 and 2006 models years are eligible to import at just 10% duty. Note that older cars can also be imported (at higher duties) as long as the owner can prove the car has been continuously legal since the original TIP import date.
6. TIP cars imported before October of 2011 do not need emissions certification. TIP cars imported after September 2011 do need emissions certification to be permanently imported. There is an official State of Yucantan emissions statements our on Ave. Industrial near the airport. There is also supposedly an approved emissions station in Valladolid (but we need Hiram’s confirmation on where and how).
Here are Sr. Cervera’s written comments and clarifications on the modestly emmissions testing issue, including Cancun and Campeche options.
” Emissions testing should be possible in the State of Yucatan, but the testing facility must be approved to meet SEMARNAT’S STANDARD NOM-041-SEMARNAT-2006. This is a Mexican Gob. standard, but Aduana specifically requires foreign-issued certificates. Because on Oct 20, 2011, in the DOF (Diaro Oficial de ka Federación) SEMARNAT published (and modified on Dec. 16, 2011) Rule 2.4.1 of the Sec. of the Economy’s rules of international trade, to facilitate imports, that at the border foreigners could present a valid emissions certificate of ANY UNITED STATES STATE OR CANADIAN PROVINCE AS LONG AS THEY ARE RECOGNIZED BY THE CORRESPONDING AUTHORITIES OF THOSE STATES/PROVINCES.
HOWEVER, IT IS WRITTEN IN NO PLACE THAT INSTEAD OF PRESENTING A FOREIGN CERTIFICATE, PEOPLE CANNOT PRESENT A CERTIFICATE ISSUED INSIDE OF MEXICO, AS LONG AS IT IS ISSUED BY A FACILITY RECOGNIZED BY SEMARNAT AS AN AUTHORIZED CENTER TO VERIFY SUCH STANDARD (MEXICAN NOM-041-SEMARNAT-2006). SUCH CENTERS ARE USED TO VERIFY LEVELS OF POLLUTANTS EMITTED. I HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO FIND AN OFFICIAL LIST OF SUCH PLACES… BUT FOR WHAT I UNDERSTAND SEDUMA YUCATAN (LOCAL ECOLOGY SECRETARY) HAD TWO VERIFICATION CENTERS, ONE LOCATED IN THE OLD CHETUMALITO (NEAR THE CENTENARIO POLICE STATION) AND ONE OPPOSITE TO FACULTAD DE QUIMICA (NEAR CIUDAD INDUSTRIAL, ON AV. AVIACION). SINCE THE STATE OF YUCATAN HAS POSTPONED THE PROJECT OF VERIFICATION, I HAVE NOT FOUND IF SUCH CENTERS ARE STILL IN PLACE. I UNDERSTAND THERE ARE FEDERAL VERIFICATION CENTERS.
I DID SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND ON THIS WEBSITE: http://www.sct.gob.mx/transporte-y-medicina-preventiva/autotransporte-federal/unidades-de-verificacion/ IT LISTS FEDERAL VERIFICATION CENTERS , USED FOR THE SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS SCT, FOR UNITS OF FEDERAL TRANSPORTATION (MOSTLY TRUCKS). HOWEVER, THESE CENTERS MUST HAVE A CERTIFICATION THAT PROVES THAT SEMARNAT RECOGNIZES THEM AS INSPECTION CENTERS UNDER NOM-041-SEMARNAT-2006. THERE ARE MORE THAN 200 CENTERS NATIONWIDE.
THESE CENTERS ARE IN MERIDA:
Centro de Verificación y Protección Ambiental, S.A. de C.V.
Calle 27 Diagonal No. 357 x 38 y 40 San Luis
Chuburná Mérida Yucatán 97140
PHONE 999 195-6332 A Diesel Y Gasolina
Centro de Verificación Vehicular Park, S. C.
Calle 50 No. 543 por 187 y 189
Col. Plan de Ayala Sur
PHONE 999 983-5232 /999 983-7285 A Diesel Gasolina
THIS ONE DOES NOT TEST GASOLINE MOTORS. ONLY DIESEL. (?)
Centro de Atención Integral para el Auto Transporte, S.A. de C.V.
Calle 16 A 314
Mérida Yucatán 97134
Phone 999 254-4288 C Diesel NO VERIFICA GASOLINA
WOULD NEED TO HAVE A COPY OF THEIR AUTHORIZATION TO TEST NOM-041-SEMARNAT-2006, WHICH WAS NEEDED TO GET THE SCT AUTHORIZATION AS UNIDAD DE VERIFICACION (NUMBERS IN RED). I DID NOT FIND ANY CENTER IN VALLADOLID OR ANY OTHER YUCATAN CITY.
FOR CAMPECHE (city), CAMPECHE:
10 UV/SCT/EC/10/150 Grupo Rofil, S.A. de C.V.
Calle 17 No. 68 Imi III
Campeche Campeche 24560
Phone 981 812-2198 C Diesel Gasolina
THESE 4 ARE IN QUINTANA ROO:
155 UV/SCT/EC/11/174 Unidad de Verificación Vehicular Quintana Roo, S.C.
KM 22 carretera Cancun Tulun Supermanzana 48,
manzana 14 –
Cancún Quintana Roo –
998 835-2322 C Diesel Gasolina
156 UV/SCT/EC/10/060 Inmobiliaria Rony, S.A. de C.V.
Av. Oaxactum esq. Andres Quintana Roo
Cancún Quintana Roo
998 880 0999 / 880 0999 C Diesel Gasolina
157 UV/SCT/EC/10/148 Servicio de Autotransporte Mochcun, S.A. de C.V.
Calle Chalchoapa Lt. 22 Mz. 5 Región 97
Cancún Quintana Roo
998 271-0081 / 2492858 C Diesel Gasolina
Centro Vehicular del Caribe, S.A. de C.V.
Av. Kinik Sm50 Mz89 Lote01 Edif.C4 Depto.103 Nivel
Fraccionamiento Framboyanes (Flamboyanes?)
Cancún Quintana Roo
998 206-8898 / 206-8898 C Diesel Gasolina
7. If required, the emissions certification must be no more than 6 months old. TX, AZ, and CA emissions certs are also accepted.
8. Import duties are based on the “Reference Values” published by the Secretary of the Treasury (Hacienda y Credito Publica) here: http://www.aduanas-mexico.com.mx/claa/ctar/leyes/mec_precios_estimados.html#ane2
Invoice values are not accepted.
9. Expect to pay Sr. Cervera between $2,000 and $3,500 USD to get your pedimento from Aduana de Progreso. The pedimento is only the Aduana permission to permanently import the vehicle. You still have to go to the state DMV office and register and license your car (typically for less than an additional $5,000 pesos).
Contact Sr. Cervera’s firm for a Quotation or More Info
Sr. Cervera’s firm will provide quotations and answers to questions. Use email to send them scanned files of: the paper TIP issued by Banjercito, the vehicle’s title, and your INM card. Sr. Cervera’s firm has created this email address solely for these applications: firstname.lastname@example.org
Please make sure your attached files are not larger than 2 MB per email. Use an image resizing program to downsize large files. e.g. http://download.cnet.com/Batch-Image-Resizer/3000-2192_4-10248013.html
~ ~ ~ ~
Option 4: Permanent Import Options at the Mexico-Belize Border.
Option 4: Permanent Import Options at the Mexico-Belize Border.
There are now multiple good quality first-hand reports of expats with the new Permanent Residency permit permanently importing a TIP foreign-plated vehicles using a paper only process – for even Japanese J cars and German cars. The successful gringos report using the following Customs Broker in Chetumal for paper-only permanent imports:
The specific requirements for permanently importing cars into Mexico are listed in the 3 sections below in Option 7: Take your car to the US-Mexico border and Permanently Import It. Since each border crossing can set their own local quirky requirements, we advise contacting Sr. Uc before going to Chetumal to permanently import your TIP car.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
There have been reports from around the internet of various customs brokers and other “Agents” who are offering paper-only permanent imports of foreign-plated TIP cars, where the expat sends cash and their car’s papers to the “broker” and they get Mexican license plates in return. Note that some brokers are providing falsely obtained state plates, with no valid Aduana pedimento for the importation. Also note that if the broker does this for you, you should get your TIP cancelled too. Finally, there really MUST be a pedimento listed in Aduana’s national database for your VIN at the end of the process. Alternately, if want to buy a permanently imported car, or you have permanently imported your foreign-plated car, and you want to check if Aduana has officially logged your VIN & pedimento into their database, then: Check this Aduana website: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/soianet/oia_consultarap_cep.aspx CONSULTA RÁPIDA DE PEDIMENTO ESPECÍFICO
~ ~ ~ ~
Option 5: Take your car to Belize to sell it to a gringo friend who has a Residente Temporal:
We have multiple past reports of successful sales and re-imporation of cars between gringos in Belize at the Aduana office outside Chetumal, Q. Roo (called Subteniente Lopez). Since TIP cars CANNOT be legally sold in Mexico, you simply go the border Aduana office, turn in the old TIP and windshield sticker to Aduana/Banjercito, go into the Free Zone of Corazol, sell the car to a gringo who has a valid Temporary Residency permit, sign over the car title, and he imports back into Mexico it as a TIP car – valid as long as he keeps his Residente Temporal permit valid. Details of this operation at the border can be found in Updates to Aduana, INM & Banjercito Procedures for Visas and Importing Cars – The Article
Note: We successfully imported a TIP van last year at the Belize-Mexico border, and since the official policy out of Aduana DF is now permitting Temporary Residents to import TIP cars, they should still be doing it. Comments and details from any reader who has recently done this would be much appreciated.
~ ~ ~ ~
Option 6: Take your car to the Belize-Mexico border, and sell it in Belize:
I have personally sold one vehicle (for a friend) in Belize, at the Free Zone of Corazol border crossing (aka the “Chetumal border” in gringo-lingo ). If you read Yolisto, the gringos and gringas talk about used car lots there – but in reality: There are no used car lots there.
Contrary to posts on local expat webforums: There are also no used car brokers waiting there.
I have been effectively banned from Yolisto for pointing out factual things like this, so, I only read Yolisto – and cannot effectively write comments (since they delete 53 out of 5 things I write). If you want to read or reply to the latest musings about TIPs and taking cars to Belize, the address is http://www.yolisto.com/index.php?/topic/5032-car-permit-and-its-validation/page__st__100#entry74136 .
Sidelight: I have used the Corazol – Subteniente López INM and Aduana/Banjercito services there about 8 times. The INM and Banjercito folks are very very helpful and efficient, while the Aduana folks are turtle-slow, and hesitant to help.
Back to the main narrative: I sold one used car there for a friend a few months ago. If you are thinking of doing this, I would strongly note that there are lots of tricks and traps – and scammers there. Doing a deal not necessarily straightforward, and one likely needs 2 days there to finish a deal. I do this for friends, so contact me if you are interested.
Just like life in other border zones, Corazol attracts some unique folks – not necessarily the most normal and upstanding citizens… *grin* A good Mexican friend who used to import cars professionally noted that you should watch your wallet carefully, and don’t walk around with a pocket full of cash…
~ ~ ~ ~
Option 7: Take your car to the US-Mexico border and Permanently Import It.
1. Current word is Permanent Residents, Residentes Temporales, and citizens are allowed to permanently import cars, with lower duties (10%) on 6 year old and older NAFTA vehicles.
2. You must be the owner, with a valid clear title, with no liens nor encumbrances.
3. What to Do If Your Car Becomes “Illegal” – The Retorno Seguro Program / Permit:
If the TIP has expired / if the owner has a Residente Permanente INM card, then they cannot legally drive the car, unless they get a special permit. If your car becomes illegal due to visa changes, visa’s expiring, or whatever reason, you can apply for a free temporary permit that gives you 3-5 days to remove the vehicle from Mexico. You can get one of these permits from the SAT/Hacienda office in Merida. Alternately, check out Aduanas website for instructions on how to apply for the “Safe Returns” (Retorno Seguro) program: “Safely Returning Autos”“
Specifically, a Feb 13, 2013 Aduana presentation in Nueva Vallarta wrote:
“In case your permit is no longer valid, you may apply for a “Safe Return Permit” for your car before the Administración Central de Grandes Contribuyentes in Mexico City, located at Hidalgo #77 modulo III, planta baja, Colonia Guerrero, Delegación Cuauhtémoc, México D.F., By sending the following documentation via courier service: A letter declaring under penalty of perjury that the vehicle is your property, that is not involved in any Legal, Civil or Administrative procedure in relation to Customs Law ( PAMA); by attaching the following: Copy of the property title. Copy of your immigartion form. Copy of offical valid ID. Originals of the Temporary Vehicle Importation Permit and hologram sticker.“
We also have published further specific information on what the Merida Hacienda office is currently requiring to issue a TIP. See: Safe Returns / Retorno Seguro Permits for Taking TIP Cars to the Border
4. You must use a Customs broker. Please make comments/references below for good brokers.
5. The process can take up to 3 days, or it may take a half a day.
6. Only 6 year old and older NAFTA vehicles qualify for permanent importation at the 10% duty rates. See: http://www.mexconnect.com/cgi-bin/forums/gforum.cgi?post=188681;sb=post_latest_reply;so=ASC;forum_view=forum_view_collapsed;page=last;#last for details of how it works at Nogales.
7. Cars need emissions certifications that are less than 6 months old. TX, AZ, and CA emissions certs qualify, but note that only a few TX counties have emissions stations: The following counties require vehicles to undergo emissions testing: Brazoria, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Montgomery, Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall, Tarrant, Travis, Williamson and El Paso counties. Many people drive to Houston for shopping, emissions, etc…
9. Expect to pay a broker between $600 and $900 USD to get your pedimento from Aduana de Progreso. The pedimento is only the Aduana permission to permanently import the vehicle. You still have to go to the state DMV office and register and license your car (for an additional $400 – $1,000 USD, including the fees and ownership taxes??)
You can use this Banjercito website to check what the import duties are: http://paisano.prevalidadorcaaarem.org.mx/Cotizador/
10. Because each border crossing Aduana office has its own quirks and special requirements, talk with your customs broker about the $$ and details.
11. Find a reliable customs broker using references(?): Mexconnect has this report from a satisfied customer at the Nogales/AZ border crossing: Nationalizing foreign-plated cars in Nogales, México.
~ ~ ~ ~
Option 8: Dispose of your car and cancel out your Aduana TIP
You can have your car legally parted-out / scrapped / disposed and surrender your Aduana TIP permit to Aduana/Banercito, and preserve your Banjercito $$ deposit. Simply get a Notario to draft a letter for the mechanic, junk yard, dehuesodero, auto recycler to sign. The letter should have your name, your passport number, the car’s Make, Model, Year, and VIN, the Aduana TIP permit number, and it basically states that the undersigned ___________ has scrapped the car, and that the car is ruined and can no longer be driven.
Submit the Notarized letter, along with a Cover Letter, plus supporting documentation to Aduana. (Include the original paper permit, the windshield sticker and Cover Letter with description of the Make, Model, Year, VIN of the car, your name and permit (TIP) number, your passport number, etc).
~ ~ ~ ~
Option 9: Donate your vehicle to Aduana and Cancel out your Aduana TIP
This one works just as named. Take the vehicle to your local SAT/Hacienda or Aduana office. Bring the original paper permit, the vehicle, and a Cover Letter with description of the Make, Model, Year, VIN of the car, your name and permit (TIP) number, your passport number, etc and your donation request. Unfortunately, there is a formal Aduana program described on their website for donations, but the local Aduana offices do not seem to know how to do this. Contact Aduana DF’s Hotline to ask how. The INM now answers questions over the fone, with some English Speaking Personnel:
They answer quickly and a few speak English.
~ ~ ~ ~
Well, that taps out the thoughts from off-the-top of my bald head and includes Sr. Hiram Cervera’s very good explanations of current Aduana rules…
Please make comments below on you personal experiences to sharpen up the information in this article, as this is a big and complex issue, fraught with less-than-obvious details.
* * * * * * *
Disclaimer: For complex situations, talk with a professional who knows rules and laws. We offer these stories and perceptions for only informational and entertainment purposes, not as legal advice.
* * * *
Feel free to copy while giving proper attribution: YucaLandia/Surviving Yucatan.
© Steven M. Fry
Read-on MacDuff . . .