Mexico’s Curious Rules for Listing Prices

July 8, 2019
There’s been a recent kerfluffle on our local “Expats in Yucatan” FB group, with many grazing-gringos writing angry (confused) comments over a supposed ‘cheating’ restaurant bill that offers some fun insights into Mexico & how gringos react. … Check out the bill below ….   If you do simple math, it looks like the restaurant’s computer cannot add up the items correctly,  …. but … This is Mexico …  The line items on a Mexican receipt are different than the USA or Canada – because we tell the consumer the REAL final price, by including the tax.  (but the receipt has a final hidden additional twist) …

Where American businesses & Canadian businesses hide their tax charges from consumers, by adding special State & Local taxes only at the end, when you pay the bill,  instead Mexico’s list prices are exactly what you pay.   Unfortunately, this Mexican system confuses many foreigners,  especially when they see the Total Taxes listed~reported (broken-out) as a  separate additional line item at the bottom of the bill … making it look like some sort of double billing of taxes.

Here’s an image of the bill that drew all the outrage on a local FB group:
Restaurant Receipt

As required by Mexican law … The food items prices on the receipt MATCH the full price listed on the menu, including the 16% IVA.

So … If you add up the individual items,  they do NOT match the “Subtotal”, because the “Subtotal” does NOT include the 16% IVA … while the menu’s full list-price and the receipt line items include the 16% IVA.

A talented local expat (Chris) explains:
Here is the Correct explanation, verified by an ★experienced, highly qualified Mexican accountant who works for Hyatt★ and knows all the applicable laws about restaurant bills backwards and forwards:

The menu price is shown in the detail. First item is one hamburger for $320 pesos. That amount, matching the menu, *includes* IVA.

Notice both points: 
1) matching the menu and
2) including IVA.

(Menu prices must include IVA by law)

Total all the DETAIL food items and you get $2255 pesos.

Add the Subtotal and the IVA lines and you get $2255. Detail total matches, that’s good.

★ Note this point: By law, IVA must be shown on the bill, so the Subtotal is the food total *without* IVA. IVA is then listed separately to show you the tax amount.

Perfect so far: We have a match between Detail Total and Subtotal plus IVA. This far is correct.

But the Total is MORE than $2255!

$2593 pesos. What..???

It is 15% more, exactly $338 pesos, but there’s no line showing “Tip” added.

So the customer may just glance at the total, add 10-20% and pay the Tip TWICE!

The Total MUST EQUAL Subtotal plus IVA, which also equals the sum of all ordered menu items.

Otherwise, you’re paying a tip twice.

By the way, adding the tip to the bill in Mexico is not legal. This ticket could be taken to PROFECO for an official complaint against the restaurant.”

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So … Yes,  the top part of the receipt was correct … but … the restaurant did have a big ERROR by inappropriately adding a hidden 15% Tip in the Subtotal.

and Yes … PROFECO is the Mexican government agency for Consumer Advocacy.

https://www.gob.mx/profeco/documentos/yucatan-37469?state=published

and Yes … Someone did some special programming on the restaurant’s POS (point of sale) software, to illegally add in an extra 15% tip …

~ ON TOP of the $16 US dollar hamburger …
~ ON TOP of the $45 peso (typically cheap) Sol beers …
~ ON TOP of the $34 US dollar steak …

So … Yes,  you can save even more by enjoying simple tacos, added up by a real cashier, without the cheating-programmer’s tricks …  God bless programmers *grin*

Happy Trails,
Steve

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© Steven M. Fry

Read-on MacDuff . . .

 

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Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Yucatan State (3)

June 24, 2019

Fortunately … up here in the north-west part of the Yucatan peninsula, aka Yucatan State, we have very few venomous snakes that are dangerous to humans … just three (3) kinds.
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“Amphibians and Reptiles of Northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize,” (Jonathan A. Campbell) lists our Yucatan State’s dangerously venomous snakes as:
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~ The Variable Coral Snake,   Micrurus diastema … ~ Throughout the peninsula …
~ Red to Yellow, Kills a Fellow ~
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~ The Yucatecan Neotropical Rattlesnake,    Crotalus tzabcan ~   Throughout but infrequent

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~ The Cantil,    Agkistrdon bilineatus …     ~ Northern Yucatan
Thanks to NERI … 

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Sidelights if you venture **outside** Yucatan State into the Peninsula   …

** Here in Yucatan State … we are TOO FAR WEST for **

~ The Fer-du-Lance,  ~ Barba Amarilla … ~ Eastern Yucatan Peninsula …

 

 

 

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… and … We’re too far north for
~ The Jumping Pitviper, ~   Atropoides nummifer …   ~ Southern Yucatan Peninsula.
Note the very broad head …   (Thanks to James Mc Cranie) …

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Yes,  we do have a few (3) indigenous poisonous snakes here in Yucatan State …  but they’re pretty distinctive looking …  which makes ALL the other snakes you see here … ~ HELPFUL ~ and Useful !

Happy Trails, Steve

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© Steven M. Fry

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Mexico Adopts Normal Phone Dialing in August 2019

June 17, 2019
Effective August 3, 2019, there will be no more special rules needed to to dial long distance nor between or to cell phones. Mexican phone dialing will follow international dialing standards (as in Canada and the USA). http://www.ift.org.mx/comunicacion-y-medios/marcacion-a-10-digitos

After Aug. 2, 2019 … Just dial 10 digits …

Happy Trails, Steve

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Feel free to copy while giving proper attribution: YucaLandia/Surviving Yucatan.
© Steven M. Fry

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Merida INM Office Moving

June 11, 2019
Merida’s INM office is moving on June 17, 2019.

INM-Merida’s New Address:
Calle 31 * #94 x   C16 y C20, Colonia México
Merida, Yucatan

*Note that this section of Calle 31  also corresponds to Circuito Colonias.

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For any other Visa or Immigration questions … Please see our main article on Immigration at
~ Current Rules and Procedures for Immigration, Visiting, and Staying in Mexico

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© Steven M. Fry

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Sun Directly Overhead Tomorrow

May 22, 2019
Tomorrow is pretty special in Yucatan.

and July 21, 2019 too…

The sun finally sits directly overhead at solar-noon here … just twice a year.**

Go outside at solar noon tomorrow (12:55 PM + 13 sec) … and notice that our  Solar Noon sun casts NO SHADOW for vertical telephone poles etc…

Today or tomorrow?    It depends on your latitude in Yucatan.   I quote data for Merida.
😉

Sunset

and yes …  One Maya city kept a calendar this way – by having a deep hand-dug well with perfectly perpendicular walls … and the bottom of the well was illuminated just twice a year … around May 22 … and July 23 …

“around” ??  …  The actual dates, like the March & Sept Equinox dates,  for our special sun overhead at Solar Noon date changes every because of the Leap Year issue … where our calendar year is off by 1 day every 4 years.    (The length of a Solar year is not 365 days … It’s 365.2422 days.)

This 1 day error every 4 years is why the Maya Calendars get a full month off from the sun’s actual positions every 125 years    …    😉

¡Viva Yucatán!

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© Steven M. Fry

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The Kingdom of Yucatán … A unique history continues.

~ El Virreinato de Yucatán ~
May 12, 2019

Notice that Yucatán was originally ~ traditionally a separate “kingdom” ~ separate from Mexico

… Yucatán … a separate distinct “kingdom” under Spanish Colonial rule
(aka El Virreinato de la Nueva España)

No photo description available.

This map also fits with Yucatán’s current unique status among ~Mexico’s United States~ … Estados Unidos de México … As we Yucatecos were separate from Mexico … twice a separate sovereign nation during the 1800’s… As we applied to join the USA as a new US State … As we are the only Mexican State with our own flag from those periods of independence …
A bit more history…
The Republic of Yucatán was governed by our own Constitution of 1841, one of the most advanced of its time.    Our Constitution guaranteed individual rightsreligious freedom and what was then a new legal form called amparo (English:  “Protection” ).

¡Viva Yucatán!

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Total Lunar Eclipse, Sunday Jan. 20, 2019


~ Total Lunar Eclipse next Sunday night … Jan 20’th, 2019. ~

… 10:41 PM Full Eclipse Start time  ~ 11:12 PM Peak Full Eclipse  ~ 11:44 PM End of Full Eclipse…

All times are Merida Central Standard Times

~ ‘Complete’  Penumbra  (full light-shadowing) starts at 9:36 pm …
~ FULL ECLIPSE Peaking at 11:12 PM ~
~ ‘Complete’  Penumbra  (full light-shadowing) ends at 12:48 AM Monday morning …

https://c.tadst.com/gfx/eclipses2/20190121/anim2d-380.mp4

Plus … Check out this fun view … as seen from Merida

https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/mexico/meridao/merida

 


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Click on the .mp4 link. and scroll the control back-&-forth  to preview what it will look like from Merida. …

 Note … I just found & fixed the busted link to the fun video that lets you scroll back & forth to see how the moon will get dark (shadowed) first from the bottom … later leaving just a sliver of light at the upper left … but the re-illumination of the moon will start at the LOWER LEFT (right next to where the illumination disappeared) … and NOTE the weird re-lighting …  rotating~twisting in a curly-cue around the face of the moon,  then  reversing  back on itself, until the last dark part will be at the bottom of the moon (next to where the re-illumination started) …

That looping~reversing path of the re-illumination is because
1.  The earth is a curved ball … plus
2.  The earth rotates significantly during the slow eclipse … and
3.  The peak of the eclipse happens almost directly at our longitude

jan 20 2019 lunar eclipse path

… The looping re-illumination & shadow-elimination path proves we do not live on a Flat Earth. 😉

Hoping for clear skies !! …. Fun, fun fun …

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